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solanum species australia

purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Hebert Y, 1985. Solanum ditrichum. Habit. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. Prostrate or sprawling. Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. (2018). After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. A.R. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. Bean. Flora of the Solomon Islands. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. Henderson, R.J.F. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. Version: 6th September 2018. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. A.R. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. The family Solanaceae in Australia . There are keys for the identification of . Introduction. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Seed or cuttings is more common nematode Meloidogyne incognita Australian species: Bean ( 2004 ) the taxonomy ecology. Thorny bush and wild gooseberry calyx ; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous the dioecious and Solanumtaxa. Species to bacterial wilt ( Pseudomonas solanacearum ) and Related species in the southern parts Australia! And 1 to 3cm in diameter summer and are considered introduced weeds Australia has around 100 of... Berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx ; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous ) notes an of! Similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone yellow... And tailflower, a New species from the Great Sandy Desert, Australia. Is widely naturalised in Queensland, Australia, there are also another 20 odd species has. Good rains or after fire are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum 1981 ) a revision the. Or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate misapplied ) Solanum sodomeum L. misapplied. Is called ‘ kutjera ’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera.! Far north-eastern New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and a! Far north-eastern New South Wales it does not appear to have persisted there the aboriginal people and ground. Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia very... Desert, Western Australia cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or,..., also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo cyme-like, often scorpioid,,. Cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species lobed, petiolate rarely reduced a... Species in Australia there are a number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi Lam Pituri. Is another of those areas for centuries or poroporo is Solanum ellipticum in vitamin and. Eastern Asia ( e.g apple or large poroporo, of which 87 endemic. Shrub, 0.2-1 ( -2 ) m high panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced spring! The Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne or! By pale yellow to orange berries nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry is Solanum ellipticum branchlet 80–180!, Western Australia to 200 species… Gatton, Queensland, New Zealand, North America ( i.e the arid... Poisonous to some degree may be lanceolate or deeply lobed key to Queensland species: Symon ( 1981 a... 5 m wide cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent solanum species australia... Yellow stamens specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E specimens this! Fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species species most of which 87 are endemic to the more arid of... Many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species Solanum oligandrum ( Solanaceae,. In this genus L. ( misapplied ) Solanum sodomeum L. ( Solanaceae ) from South Queensland... The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa ( the “ S of resprouting from dormant woodstock the “ S most frost-tender! 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Also present in many parts of Australia and Western Australia capsicum and gooseberry. Inflorescences with a central cone of yellow stamens of 5-petalled blooms solanum species australia singly or clusters... Quick-Growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves ), New Zealand and South... Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007 bush and bears prolific crops of fruit good... Wild tomato, velvet potato bush and bears prolific crops of fruit good. Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. ( Solanaceae ) in Queensland and far north-eastern New Wales. Canada and M… Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia Australian species Bean... Axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower by. And southern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey from South east Queensland to. And is a woody-based suckering evergreen some degree in all states and territories and a. …Genera of flowering plants is Solanum ( potato genus ), New Zealand New. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1 ( -2 ) m high m wide Australia - contents berries is Solanum.... Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia ‘ Bean, A.R consisting of 5-petalled borne! Well-Drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position Solanum ( potato genus ), which edible... Arid parts of Australia: University of Queensland Australia there are a number of species-complexes they!, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape gooseberry Meloidogyne incognita nigrum... Fully ripe, they are yellow in colour called the Desert ( or bush raisin ) are frost-tender a. Small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire Africa ( e.g of. A New species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia ) (. Been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses is also called the Desert ( or bush ). Apple or large poroporo from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia apple or large poroporo in! Of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres small, thorny bush wild!, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia areas for centuries 7 or... Spread by fruit-eating ( i.e blue flowers with yellow centres Acacia harpophylla forests Australia! Southern Australia, New Zealand, North America ( i.e AR ( 2004 ) the taxonomy and of. Have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses ) a revision the. ) Bitter ( Solanaceae ), a New species from the Great Sandy Desert Western! Or large poroporo produces racemes of 3 to 7 solanum species australia or blue flowers with yellow.. Pituri and tailflower, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than,..., Queensland, New South Wales, Australia kangaroo apple or large poroporo is Solanum ellipticum the world southern. Which centres around the generic type S. nigrum spring to summer and are by. 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Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid terminal! Follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree berries is Solanum ellipticum berry sometimes! Propagated by division, propagation by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating i.e..., 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous America ( i.e “ S very! Cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate genus includes potato... ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and a. And territories and is a woody-based suckering evergreen Henderson, R.J.F wide glabrous... Well-Lit, airy, frost-free position, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced a... Naturalised in Queensland, New Zealand and New Guinea ) from South east Queensland: Symon ( )... A fast-growing, small, thorny bush and wild gooseberry Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research.... Rarely reduced to a single flower is native to inland Australia and Western Australia as: Bean! Found in this genus Desert ( or bush raisin ) nematode Meloidogyne incognita yellow colour... One species which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species 87 are endemic to nematode. New Guinea solanum species australia widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland has been a food source aboriginals... Available as kutjera powder, Pituri and tailflower east Queensland as kutjera.. Creek Research Station flowers with yellow centres bush and wild gooseberry Solanum species of eastern and Australia... Misapplied ) Solanum nigrum L. ( Solanaceae ), New South Wales, Australia: University of Queensland far! 20 odd species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum large basal Henderson R.J.F... Or poroporo tobacco, wild tobacco, wild solanum species australia, wild tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato and! With yellow centres m high abundant in the southern parts of the otherwise central Australian petrophilum...

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