Merle is a dominant gene. The answer is, to each their own. The question many ask is, if breeding merle to merle has such a high chance of producing a disabled puppy, why would anyone do it? Although our Standard does not clearly define non-Standard colors as a disqualification, experienced and knowledgeable dog men and women know the intent and meaning behind the words, which carry significant weight. The problem stems from unscrupulous breeders and AKC’s practice of registering these Non-Standard colors. Any respectable American bully breeder will not breed or “Stud” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs. Merle patterning - patches of lighter colouring appearing in the coat - is the result of the M gene in the dog. The first French Bulldog was created about 150 years ago by mixing an English Bulldog with a Rat Terrier. Merle French Bulldog Health Risks . The current wording in the BCA Written Standard for color is “preferred” colors, and black is “highly objectionable”. A long history of health issues. All non-merles are mm. Ideally anyone selling a merle puppy should explain to the new owner the risks associated with breeding merle to merle, especially if that person already has a merle dog of the opposite sex to the puppy. You see? We will explain. Needless to say, the deliberate breeding of double merles causes a lot of controversy in the canine world — certain official bodies (such as the Kennel Club in the UK) have clamped down on the practice, refusing to register dogs that are a result of merle-to-merle breeding. Like we previously mentioned, breeding two merle dogs can end in genetic abnormalities, but there is another reason why the merle gene can be problematic in the French Bulldog breed. French Bulldog grooming? All you have to do is cross a merle dog of one breed with a breed that doesn't yet have the color, and then you just breed back into… Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns; Like mentioned before – the dog will not suffer any additional health problems just by being a merle, however, the French Bulldog breed is prone to some health issues, and one of the most important ones you should learn about is IVDD. I frequently see misconception about Blue Merle French Bulldogs circling the internet, mostly stating how issue prove and genetically inferior they are. The Merle gene when doubled up, can, but not always, cause health issues, mostly deafness and blindness. But guess what? Developmental Issues. We recommend a completely raw diet, called the BARF diet. The resulting litter of puppies has a high chance of containing ‘double merles’ or ‘lethal whites’, dogs that have very little or no colour to their coat at all. Merle. Merle French bulldogs can be extremely healthy if responsibly bred. French Bulldogs and New York Lottery | Here to Make Your Day with Frenchies, 4 Signs of a French Bulldog Scam and 4 Ways You Can Avoid Them | Ethical Frenchie, 7 French Bulldog Facts that Might Surprise and Astound You, A Thorough Understanding of Nutrients for French Bulldogs, The Rise of French Bulldog Theft and What you need to Know and Solve, Blue Merle French Bulldog - Everything You Wanted to Know, Top 5 DIY Summer Treats For Your French Bulldog, Most Common Mistakes French Bulldog Owners Make, Best Food For a French Bulldog - Our 2020 Guide, French Bulldog Health Risks â Welfare Problems Behind the Cute Face, How to Increase French Bulldog Lifespan With These Simple Steps, Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns. They are usually mixed with something else to get that color and some will become blind and have many other health issues. Just like a lilac French Bulldog, an Isabella bulldog is a result of blue and chocolate DNA. In a double merle, the marbling/lightening effect is doubled and the coat becomes predominantly white. French Bulldogs, in general, are known to be prone to several medical issues. Breeding two merles creates a pigment disorder, explains Clark, which affects the color and shape of eye development and inner ear nerve endings. The Merle pattern plays the same role with pigment removal as the pied/piebald pattern, so Merle dogs that are also pied carriers should preferably not be bred other Pied French Bulldogs. This doesnât have to be a concern if you purchase your puppy from a responsible breeder that understands color genetics and conducts genetic testing/color testing on their French Bulldogs before mating. Practically, brachycephalic means “with a short head” and their face was made to be short purely out of aesthetic purposes. In some cases, French Bulldog puppies are born with severely life-limiting health issues that they do not survive. Spine X-ray: this will check for a malformed spine and back problems. Respiratory system issues are quite common among breeds with a short muzzle, just like the French bulldog. However, a great deal can be done to discourage the breeding of double merles and to educate the public on the dangers. Because of this, the American Kennel Club (AKC), does not recognize the merle French Bulldog as a standard breed color. In addition, low genetic diversity sets this breed up for many health issues. You are not the only one. In certain breeds of dog, there is a coat pattern known as ‘merle’. If you believe that exotic French Bulldog colors arenât âtrue French Bulldogsâ, because the breed standard rules deem them unacceptable, then stir away from rare colors and get a fawn, cream, brindle or pied Frenchie - they are all amazing, adorable and offer unconditional love. Merle is a gene that causes random modifications throughout the dogâs coat, paw pads, nose, and eyes, by removing pigment â the result being patches of missing pigment that are placed on previously mentioned areas. Merles commonly have blue eyes. Merle coat pattern comes in different color variations (not only blue) and can affect any dog breed. The double merles are often killed at birth just for being white, when it is still too early to tell if the dog will have any hearing or vision problems. Blue Merle English Bulldogs have a short, smooth and straight coat. Even more disturbing, this is becoming a much broader issue with non-Standard colored dogs appearing in other countries, as well. Once these dogs wind up in a shelter, as many do, they still face death because no one wants a “defective” dog, making adoption extremely difficult. United Airlines made me ABANDON my mobility device at the gate before my honeymoon. Unwary puppy buyers are sometimes sold double merles as ‘rare white’ or ‘albino’ versions of a certain breed, not knowing that the pup may prove deaf or blind. It should be noted that the purebred French Bulldog gene pool does not carry the merle gene. What Issues do Merle French Bulldogs Have? They charge outrageous prices for puppies, dogs and stud fees. The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. It’s becoming more prevalent in many of the newer “designer breeds.” There is an overabundance of these dogs and it’s truly heartbreaking. "Has KC papers" Dad has his own Facebook page names under King Arthur he's a Merle lilac but carries platinum gene also. If you breed a merle (Mm) to a non-merle (mm) you will on average produce a litter in which a half of the puppies get the M allele so are Mm (merle) and half get the non-merle allele so are mm. For example, in a litter of mixed colour puppies the non-merles will be (mm), while a merle will be (Mm), meaning it has inherited one merle gene and one non-merle gene. The gene that is needed to create the Merle patterning is also the gene that creates significant risks including hearing, sight, and blue eye defects. Letâs dive in. These rogue breeders have capitalized on recessive color genes, DNA test their dogs for those recessive colors, and very likely engage in outcrossing with other breeds, to intentionally and prolifically produce Non-Standard colored Bulldogs. The downsides of the Merle gene come into play when the breeder irresponsibility breeds two merles together, which can potentially result in a genetic disaster called a âDouble Merleâ. However, the most common French Bulldog “fad”/rare color that causes health conditions is the Blue. So yes, a different dog breed was probably crossed at some point â but guess what? A 2006 paper on the merle gene first published by the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America attempted to identify the gene in dogs that caused the merle pattern. And double merles don’t look like merles. Like mentioned before â the dog will not suffer any additional health problems just by being a merle, however, the French Bulldog breed is prone to some health issues, and one of the most important ones you should learn about is IVDD. It is not fully clear as to where the merle pattern came from or when/if it was introduced. Another Lockdown Dilemma, Don’t Know What to Write About? Your merle French Bulldog will thrive on it, and you will avoid skin allergies the breed is predisposed to. All exotic colors are considered non-standard and an instant disqualification. Blue merles are, in fact, grey. These are known as ‘cryptic merles’, but the exact reason why such dogs do not display the merle pattern remains unknown. When you do bring your dog home, your veterinarian will probably recommend eye, hip and thyroid exams for your Australian Shepherd puppy, as well as DNA tests to check for CEA. Blue Merle French Bulldog color is one of the most recent patterns introduced into the bully breed. HEALTH IN GENETIC TESTING. However, litters from a Marle carrier bred with a non-carrier do not exhibit any health issues. The following breeds carry merle and are recognized by the AKC as an acceptable color: Australian Shepherd, Border Collie, Cardigan Welsh Corgi, Catahoula Leopard Dog, Chihuahua, Cocker Spaniel, Collie (rough or smooth), Dachshund (called dapple), Great Dane (harlequin acts the same), Mudi, Old English Sheepdog, Pomeranian, Pyrenean Shepherd, and Shetland Sheepdog. AMERICAN BULLY FATHER & SON DROP IDENTICAL LITTERS OF PUPPIES, What to do When You Can’t Decide What to Write, Yak’s Milk or Olive Wood? Our merle french bulldog puppies for sale always come with a one full year health guarantee and a clean bill of health … Should you buy a blue Merle French Bulldog? A dog with a merle coat is characterized by having patches of hair with diluted pigment (color). Learn more here. All merle "French Bulldogs" have been produced by introducing another … Price can be anywhere between $15,000-50,000. Merle Bulldog Health Issues mini goldendoodle puppy cost. When you breed solely for color, you can very quickly lose the very characteristics which make our breed so special: their particular conformation, their wonderful temperaments, and good health. We are seeing an alarming increase in the numbers of breeders purposefully breeding for and advertising “exotic”, “fad” or “rare color” Bulldogs. The color is very controversial in breeding circles, but is it true that a blue Merle French bulldog equals health problems? Many of these pups eventually end up in a shelter and some even end up being used as bait dogs by dog fighters. Merle and Rare Colored French Bulldogs. Have you ever seen a blue fawn French Bulldog? Standard color breeders and AKC show competitors look down upon exotic colored French Bulldogs like merles, lilacs, blues, chocolates, etc, and consider them to be un-pure and unacceptable. Spreading the word about what a double merle is, is just part of the answer. However this shade is a lot more champagne looking compared to the regular lilac. Bold This There are simply too many to name them all, but we will include some of our favorite ones. Similarly, a red merle will have faded patches of red and will often look more mottled than the blue merle. If the pigment removal takes place on the iris, itâs called heterochromia iridis â resulting in those bright blue eyes Blue Merle French bulldogs are so known for. Letâs just assume an introduction took place to create blue Merle French Bulldogs. Read more to understand more about the condition and how to prevent it. It is clearly understood by anyone who knows the breed, its history, and understands the Written Standard that non-Standard colors are not acceptable. Dogs do not "carry" merle. Equally, pet owners with two merles may breed their dogs without realising the consequences. As long as there are merle coated dogs, double merles will be produced, usually by accident or through ignorance on the part of the breeder. Of course there is now the Isabella Merle as well â on the right. So what is the conclusion? Heterochromia literally translates to two different colored eyes. Geneticist Lee Anne Clark says merle-to-merle breedings may be difficult to detect, but health issues in their puppies are usually the result. Unfortunately, there are health problems associated with the merle mutation and the risk of these problems occurring increases when two merle coated dogs are mated together. So why do so many people question the bloodlines of Merle French Bulldogs? Your lovable four-legged family member deserves it. The color itself is inherited through an incompletely dominant allele, which means you can easily transmit it from breed to breed. They possess unique coats that take a lot of controversies. What began in the Bulldog has now trickled over into the American Bully breed as fad breeders have rushed to cash in on a marketing ploy to generate higher sales. There are two alleles of this gene: M (merle) and m (non merle), with merle (M) being dominant to non merle (m). Sometimes they have one blue and one brown eye. The Bulldog breed standard was written over a century ago and only deems black brindle, cream, fawn, pied, and white as acceptable colors. Nothing too crazy, just some occasional ear cleaning, brushing, frequent nose moisturizing and fold wiping. Selective Breeding. It will pass, just like the many other fads that have crept up in the American Bully breed only to disappear later on. Both issues are associated with the lack of pigment. best carpet for pets reviews. What other Merle French Bulldog color combinations exist? Although they have been popping up on social media as “rare colored” American and Exotic Bullies, the Merle color has no place in the American Bully breed. Contrary to popular beliefe, the merle gene in itself does not cause any helth issues. Imagine that, plus pigment removal caused by the merle gene. Merle coloured French bulldogs have the most peculiar and unusual coat colour. These health registries come from the United States Australian Shepherd Association, which participates in the Canine Health Information Center, a health database. French Bulldogs are notorious for their long list of genetic health problems.. Before diving into common English Bulldog health issues, let’s explore how … A double merle is created when two merle dogs are bred together. The strength of the other colours in the dog’s coat (tan and black, or red and tan) can vary as well, with some merles appearing to have extremely pale colouring all over, while others can have quite strong patches of colour. Our only disqualification is a Brown or Liver-colored nose. Blue merles with no tan markings at all are known as bi-blues, but a red merle does not necessarily have to have tan markings. Merle is now present in Poodles, Bulldogs, American Staffordshire Terriers, American Pit Bull Terriers, American Exotic Bullies and Australian Koolies. Sometimes dogs may appear to have normal coat colouring but are in fact merles and will produce puppies with the merle colouration. These dogs are 100% preventable. If you disregard all of these traits solely for color, double up on bad traits through both parents, the likelihood of perpetuating bad traits is very high. This article explores the world of double merle genetics, the breeds affected, the health issues and the wide range of ongoing debates concerning the breeding of double merles. Today, many of the bully breeds are facing a very disturbing trend with the appearance of Non-Standard colors, something the founders of our breed could not possibly have anticipated. The pups that do not inherit the gene twice are “normal” dogs. Like all breeds there may be some health issues related to the Bulldog breed. Ghost Merle is a standard colored looking French Bulldog with a yellow/cream coat, that is secretly a merle Frenchie. While a non-merle dog (unless a cryptic) will have inherited no merle gene. Both lilac, Isabella and blue Frenchies possess the blue eye characteristic â but that only applies to puppies. Read Essays, Three fundamental ways to invest in trust. Think â quality diet, exercise, and appropriate grooming. A very important factor of responsible breeding is making sure the pairing is done correctly. CONTACT INFORMATION Health Issues . While the paper registration form shows correct colors and markings for our breed, the online registration form includes a whole host of additional “Non-Standard” colors and markings, as does the Bulldog breed information page on the AKC website. And here you have it, a blue fawn merle French Bulldog. Ask About The Dogs’ Health Records. Never heard of IVDD? The condition is called a âghost merleâ or âcryptic merleâ. Are Merle French Bulldogs doomed and prone to all kinds of health problems? Double merled dogs have two copies of the Merle (mm) gene, resulting in substantial removal of pigment, which can negatively affect sight and hearing. And this condition can occur in humans, horses, cats, and dogs. Another study found that merles had a “significantly greater” frequency of eye abnormalities than non-merles. The Numerous Health Issues of Merle French Bulldogs. Blue merle French Bulldog is definitely the most popular and eye-catching merle colors now, but there might be some other adorable color combos you never came across. We think they are awesome. But if you breed two merles together (Mm X Mm) you will produce on average a quarter mm (non-merle), a half Mm (merle) and a quarter MM (double-merle; also called double-dapple). However, two merle dogs should not be bred to avoid health defects. Among their findings they recorded research on deafness in Dachshunds with the merle gene. Check out the top foods we recommend for your Blue Merle French Bulldog. Disqualifying Faults: Merle pattern/blotched per competition.”, The Merle Coat Pattern has no place in the American Bully breed. So, what is wrong with breeding for color? Respectable American bully breeders will not breed or “Stud” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs. Since many reputable French bulldog breeders don’t admit merle Frenchies, we want to relieve why it’s like that. The one Merle gene copy will dominate the non-Merle gene; the one copy will dilute your dog’s coat and lead to the possibility of different colored eyes. Hearing loss is attributed to the absence of pigment in the eye passage hairs. When many of those interested in owning a Frenchie start to do their research, they find out quickly that this breed is not cheap whatsoever.. It is not an accepted color in the breed according to the American Bully Kennel Club’s (ABKC) breed Standard. The colour that dominates is typically cream, white or fawn, often blended with other darker colours. 4 puppies remaining before Dec 25th, afterwards Ethical Frenchie is closed until Mid January. When two merles are bred together you have a higher risk of deafness and blindness. For this reason, two merles should not be bred together, as this could result in double Merle puppies with possible problems. It also elevates the risks of sigh deformation, especially if the dog is a carrier of two of these genes. These are the pups that a breeder wants, because they can profit from these pups. DNA testing: this will show a range of health issues and genetic health problems. The ABKC’s stance on merle dogs is as follows: “It is a disqualifying fault. A “brachycephalic” breed, the French bulldog can develop certain health problem due to the way they breathe. Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome That, not only applies to all coat colors in the breed, but also to different breeds of dog. This introduction probably took place quite a few years ago, way before the French Bulldog breed gained momentum. 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